Post by benotforgot on Feb 27, 2005 1:25:51 GMT -6
[/url] kept by James Madison Hall (1819-1866) . . . I still need to look for our Sam at the Confederate Research Center in Hillsboro . . . if any of y'all find out anything, please do let me know . . . email@example.com [/ul] [/size]
Post by benotforgot on Apr 8, 2008 11:52:04 GMT -6
On April 16, 1862, the Confederate Congress passed the first national conscription law in American history. All white males between 18 and 35, not legally exempt, were declared members of the Confederate Army for a term of three years or until the war ended. Those who wished to volunteer before being drafted were allowed to do so and to choose their own company. Those who did not care to enter the service were allowed to provide a substitute from "persons not liable for duty."
On April 21, 1862, the Congress set up an elaborate list of exemptions from military duty. Those included were Confederate and state civil officials, mail carriers, ferrymen, river and railway workers, telegraphic operators, miners and metalworkers, laborers in cotton and woolen factories, newspaper printers, one apothecary for each establishment, ministers of religion, professors in colleges and academies and teachers with as many as 20 pupils, teachers in deaf, dumb and blind institutions, and nurses and attendants in hospitals.
On September 27, 1862, Congress amended the Conscription Act to increase the age limit from 35 to 45.
On October 11, 1862, following the 2nd Conscription law, the number of exemptions were greatly increased. Exemptions were added for one editor for each newspaper, shoemakers, tanners, blacksmiths, millers, wheelwrights and other industrial workers. Acricutural exemptions were included allowing an exemption to one person for every 500 head of cattle or sheep or 250 head of horses or mules; one overseer for every plantation containing as many as 20 slaves, and one overseeer for any two plantations not more than five miles apart having as many as 20 slaves combined. People with religious scruples against war, including Quakers, Dunkards, Nazarenes and Mennonites were exempted if they provided a substitute or paid $500.
Post by benotforgot on Apr 8, 2008 12:05:46 GMT -6
On or about Saturday, the 27th day of February in the year 1864, James Madison Hall penned the following words in The Journal ...
[/ul][/quote] *David Alexander Nunn, lawyer and Confederate Army officer, was born in Summerville, Mississippi, on October 1, 1836, the son of John and Jane (Tubb) Nunn. John Nunn was a former soldier of Andrew Jackson. David Nunn was educated at Murfreesboro and attended law school in Lebanon, Tennessee. He furthered his legal studies in New Orleans and was admitted to the bar in Mississippi in 1857. On June 8, 1858, he married Helen Williams at Macon, Mississippi, and the couple set out for Texas on their wedding day. Although they had intended to settle in Waco, they made their home in Crockett, where in 1859 Nunn was elected the town's first mayor; his wife taught school there. By 1860 they had an infant daughter, Corine. When Texas seceded from the Union, Nunn raised a cavalry company from Houston and Madison counties. The company was mustered into Confederate service on September 29, 1861, as Company I, Fourth Texas Mounted Volunteers, at Camp Sibley, near San Antonio, and assigned to Gen. Henry H. Sibley's Arizona Brigade. It took part in the Confederate invasion of New Mexico in 1862. Unfortunately, Nunn was unpopular with his men and resigned in response to their petition on February 27, 1862, shortly after the battle of Valverde. He returned to Crockett, raised a second cavalry company for service with Walker's Texas Division, was elected captain, and served with it until the end of the war. Nunn was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1875 and served as chairman of the seven-man committee that devised the public-education aspects of the state's basic laws. After the session Nunn returned to the practice of law. He died in Crockett on August 13, 1911.
On February 17, 1864, Congress changed the age limits to run from 17 to 50, but those under 18 and over 45 were constituted a reserve for state defense and were not required to serve beyond their state's limits.
The February 17, 1864 conscription law abolished all industrial exemptions but did continue to exempt the physically unfit, ministers, editors, printers, apothecaries, physicians, hospital and asylum workers, mail carriers and government officials. This law ended once and for all the exemption for cattlemen.
David Alexander Nunn (1836-1911) was Crockett's first mayor. Sometime after February of 1862, in Crockett, Nunn raised a cavalry company for service with Walker's Texas Division, was elected captain, and served with it until the end of the war.
21 Mar 1864. Union blockading ship attacks Velasco.
The high point of the service of Walker's Texas Division was during the early months of 1864, when it opposed federal Maj. Nathaniel Bank's invasion of Louisiana by way of the Red River valley.
On April 8-9, it was committed with other Confederate forces in the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, halting Bank's advance on Shreveport and Marshall.
On April 10, with Thomas J. Churchill's and William H. Parson's division, it began a forced march north to intercept federal Maj. General Frederick Steele, who was moving from Little Rock to Camden, Arkansas, in cooperation with Bank's invasion from the south.
Steele reached Camden on April 15, then evacuated it on the 27th.
On the 30th he was overtaken by Confederate forces, including Walker's Division, at Jenkin's Ferry on the Saline River, fifty-five miles north of Camden. The ensuing fighting was desparate, costing the lives of two of the three brigade commanders of the division, Brig. Gen. William Read Scurry and Brig. Gen. Horace Randal. Steele completed his withdrawl to Little Rock, ending the last real threat to western Louisiana and Texas during the war.
In June Walker was directed to assume command of the District of West Louisiana and Maj. Gen. John Horace Forney took command of the division.
Initially the division was made up of four brigades ... 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th. (The original regiments of the Fourth Brigade were detached from the division shortly after its organization, and these were captured intact at Arkansas Post on January 11, 1863.
Later in the war another Fourth Brigade was reconstituted which included the sixteenth and Eighteenth Texas infantry and the Twenty-eighth and Thirty-fourth Texas Cavalry regiments (dismounted).
At the same time the Twenty-ninth Texas Cavalry (dismounted) was added to the First Brigade and the Second Regiment of Texas Partisan Rangers (dismounted) to the Third Brigade.
For a brief period, during the Jenkin's Ferry phase of the Red River Campaign, the Third Texas Infantry was assigned to the Third Brigade, but this regiment was ordered to return to Texas shortly thereafter.
The fighting service of Walker's Texas Division was less arduous than that of many similar commands in the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of Tennessee. It operated efficiently, however, under peculiar difficulties unknown east of the Mississippi River and it deserved major credit for preserving Texas from federal invasion.
Through the summer of 1864, as the weight of three years of war bore down upon the tattered Confederacy, realistic people in the South lost hope for the cause. The Union now controlled the Mississippi River. Federal troops occupied much of Tennessee, together with portions of Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina and Florida. The Confederate Army had eroded in strength to barely 150,000 men, and this weary and ill-equipped force faced an enemy one and a half times their number....
And suddenly in September came the words tidings of all. Atlanta had fallen. President Lincoln was urging that Northern churches proclaim a day of thanksgiving. In her diary, Mary Chestnut penned a grim notation: "There is no hope."...
More than $700 million circulating in legal Confederate paper money was worth perhaps a fortieth its face value in real purchasing power....
No longer were there any volunteers for service, and conscription was being evaded with universal hostility and thoroughness....In desperation, the government began to draft boys 14 to 18 years old to serve in a junior reserve, and men from 45 to 60 years old to make up a senior reserve....As one chronicler put it, the South was "robbing the cradle and the grave to supply Lee's army." ...
Crockett Quid Nunc Number 5 September 27, 1864
CLOTHING FOR THE SOLDIERS ... In obedience to special orders #221, from Dept. Headquarters, the following named officers are ordered to Texas to collect clothing and conscripts for Brigd. Gens. Maclay's and Waul's brigades, Maj. Gen. Walker's old division. It cannot be too earnestly impressed upon the friends and relatives of the soldiers of these brigades and divisions the importance of furnishing them good warm clothing to shield them from the inclemency of the coming winter.
LOCAL NEWS ... Walkers old division was at Monroe, Louisiana a few days ago. Letters for Waul's Brigade should be addressed to Jefferson. Letters for Randall's Brigade should be addressed to Marshall.
Post by benotforgot on Apr 8, 2008 12:11:40 GMT -6
This was to be the final home-leaving from Houston Co. for James Madison Hall ... a little over a year later, in September of 1866, he would die ...
The 13th of March 1865 reference to Sam Sharp is the last mention of his actual physical presence ... on the 3rd of April J. M. Hall makes note of Sam's wife, Nellie, being ill, and never mentions her name again (although he frequently writes of her mother, Mrs. Beale) ...
"It would be useless and therefore cruel," Robert E. Lee remarked on the morning of April 9, 1865, "to provoke the further effusion of blood, and I have arranged to meet with General Grant with a view to surrender."
The two generals met shortly after noon on April 9, 1865, at the home of Wilmer McClean in the village of Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Lee's surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant, general-in-chief of all United States forces, hastened the conclusion of the Civil War.
In the weeks following, Confederate forces surrendered, and Confederate President Jefferson Davis was captured. On April 14, President Lincoln's name was added to the list of over 1 million Civil War casualties, and the bloody era the that began four years earlier in the corn fields of Manassas, Virginia finally was brought to a close.
After the surrender, former soldiers slowly returned home. One young Southerner despaired of seeing her husband again, when he turned up in Richmond ragged, but recognizable. Remembering the difficult years during and after the war she summed up her experience:
During March and April 1865 Walker's Texas Division marched to Hempstead, Texas where the men disbanded themselves in May 1865 ... In Early 1865 the 18th Texas Infantry was moved to Hempstead, Texas where it disbanded in May 1865 having never surrendered ... The 22nd Texas Infantry returned to Texas in March of 1865 and was disbanded at Hempstead, Texas on May 5, 1865 ...
On the 1st of June 1865, J. M. Hall notes that the little woman went to her Mother's to spend what time she remained up the Country, and consequently quit keeping the operations of the mill ... on the 24th of June he notes that the little woman arrived safe and sound in Liberty ... she doesn't return to Houston Co. again before the death of her husband in September of the following year ...
During the last year of his life, J. M. Hall often mentions the sending and receiving of letters and packages from home ... and of hearing the news of his up country relatives ...
On the 9th of March 1866 J. M. Hall says that L. E. Downes is at work purchasing for the Crockett market and that I wrote by him to Sam H. Sharp in relation to my up Country business ... it is probable that Sam is the one running the mill in Houston Co. ... but Sam is never mentioned again ...